Pilsudski Timeline

Joseph Pilsudski Timeline

 

1867, December 5 - Joseph Klemens Pilsudski born in imperial Russia in the village of

Zulow (present day Zalavas, Lithuania)

 

1874- Pilsudski family estate heavily damaged by fire, forcing the family to move to

Wilno (present day Vilnius, Lithuania)

 

1878- enrolls at a Russian secondary school, or gymnasium, in Wilno

 

1884, September 2- Maria Pilsudski, Joseph's mother, dies at age forty-two

 

1885 - graduates from the gymnasium and attends medical school in the Ukrainian city of

Kharkov

 

1887, March 22 - arrested, along with his brother Bronislaw and twelve others including

Lenin's brother, for participation in a plot to kill Czar Alexander III. Sentenced to

five years exile in Siberia.

 

1892, June 30- returns from exile to Wilno

 

1893, February- joins the Polish Socialist Party (PPS)

 

1894, July 12 — publishes the first edition of The Worker, an underground newspaper

promoting Socialism, Polish nationalism, and anticzarist activity

 

1899, July 15- marries divorcée Maria Juszkiewicz and converts to Protestantism

 

1900, February 22- arrested in Lodz and taken to the Warsaw Citadel

 

1901, May 14 - after feigning insanity for almost a year, escapes from the mental facility

of St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker in St. Petersburg

 

1904, July 11 — travels to Tokyo and tries to persuade the Japanese government, at the

time at war with Russia, to sponsor revolution in Poland

 

1905- organizes the

bojowa, or combat organization, to resist Russian occupation of

Poland

 

1906, November- resigns from the PPS and forms the PPS-Revolutionary Faction

 

1908, September 26 - robs a treasury train at Bezdany, securing 200,000 rubles to fund

revolutionary activities

 

1908, December- forms the Union for Active Struggle (ZWC), envisioned as the prototype

for a future Polish army

 

1910- establishes a paramilitary camp in Lwow and oversees the training of numerous

"riflemen clubs" in Austrian Poland (Galicia)

 

1912- becomes commander in chief of the Polish Armed Forces under the KTSSN, a

bipartisan organization of Polish patriots

 

1914, February- in a statement remarkable for its clarity and specificity, predicts the

coming war and its consequences

 

1914, August 6- leads several hundred Polish militiamen (technically part of the Austrian

Army) into Russian Poland

 

1914, August 27- Polish Legions formed, becomes immediately involved in combat

 

1914, November 15 - promoted to brigadier general in the Austrian Army

 

1914, December 14- given command of the First Brigade

 

1915, August 5- travels to occupied Warsaw and demands the Germans recognize a Polish

national government.

 

1916, February 28- returns to the Catholic Church

 

1916, July 4-6- fights in the Battle of Kostiuchnowka

 

1916, September 29- resigns from the Austrian Army

 

1916, October- Polish Legions disbanded

 

1917, January- appointed head of the military commission of the German-controlled

Polish Provisional Council of State

 

1917, July 21- arrested by the Germans for his refusal to give an oath of loyalty,

imprisoned at the fortress of Magdeburg

 

1918, November 10- after being released by the Germans, arrives in Warsaw and assumes

control of the new Polish Republic

 

1919, February 20- resigns as provisional head of state, but is immediately reconfirmed by

the newly elected Sejm

 

1919, April 19- liberates hometown Wilno from Bolshevik occupation

 

1919, August 9- captures Minsk, which along with Lwow and Wilno, gives Poland control

of the key border cities

 

1920, April 25- initiates a major offensive in the Ukraine designed to remove the Soviets

from the borderlands

 

1920, August 16- leads a successful flanking operation against the Red Army. The

"Miracle on the Vistula" drives the Bolsheviks from Poland and destroys their

plans for worldwide revolution.

 

1921, February- negotiates a major alliance with France

 

1921, September 25- escapes an assassination attempt by a Ukrainian nationalist

 

1921, October 25- after first wife Maria dies on August 7, marries longtime lover

Aleksandra Szczerbinska, the mother of his two children

 

1922, November- refuses to run for the newly created position of president of the Second

Polish Republic. Becomes embittered after President Narutowicz is assassinated on

December 16.

 

1923, May 23- resigns as army chief of staff

 

1923, July 2- resigns as head of the Inner War Council, retires to civilian life

 

1926, May 12- conducts a coup d' etat against the center-right government and becomes

de facto dictator. Launches "Sanacja" campaign to purify Polish politics.

 

1927, December- "war or peace" incident at League of Nations

 

1928, March- uses the BBWR, a supposedly non-partisan organization, to secure

pluralities in the Sejm and Senate.

 

1930, September 9- to avert a revolution, imprisons political opponents at Brzesc on the

eve of elections, allowing the BBWR to claim majorities in Parliament. Tightens

grip on Polish state.

 

1932, January 25- secures a non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union

 

1933- explores the possibility of a pre-emptive war against Hitler

 

1934, January 26- secures a non-aggressive pact with Nazi Germany

 

1935, May 12- dies at age sixty-seven in Warsaw's Belvedere Palace