Index


Act Conferring Full Powers  605

Adelcia  631

Alexander I (czar of Russia)  74-6, 78, 83-4, 353

Alexander II (czar of Russia)  56, 84, 93, 116, 118, 134, 193

Alexander III (czar of Russia)  119-21, 150, 165, 185, 323

Allied powers  76, 375, 393, 500

America. See United States of America

Anders, Wladyslaw  579, 594

Andrusovo, Treaty of  46, 480

Anthem of the Polish Legions in Italy  80, 84

April Theses  324

Archangel  396

Augustus II "the Strong" (king of Poland)  53

Augustus III (king of Poland)  56

Austerlitz, Battle of  71

Austria

Army  263, 266-8, 283-4, 287, 289, 297, 304, 320, 329, 376, 470, 515, 519, 598

Austrian Poland  12, 88, 164, 168-9, 188, 240, 261

Balkan states, relations with  236-7, 252-3, 256

Galicia, Battle of  281-4

Habsburgs  41, 49, 52, 65, 168, 251, 253, 259, 271, 273-4, 321

Napoleonic wars, and   69-77

Poland, partitions of  58-65

Poland, plans for during WWI  257, 258, 262, 268-70, 283, 285, 297

Polish politicians, and  168, 194, 267

Pilsudski, and  169, 198, 257-8, 262, 268-9, 283, 285, 297, 305-9

rifleman associations  228-9

Vienna, the Siege of  49-52, 69, 73

Austro-Hungarian Empire. See also Austria  232, 238, 251, 258, 262, 269, 279, 281, 285, 290, 294, 302, 304, 335, 364, 438

 

Baden, Prince Maximilian von  339

Baginski, Kazimierz  653

Balkan League  236

Balkans  191, 235-6, 253-4

Balkan War  236-7

Bar, Confederation of  57, 59

Bartel, Kazimierz  548, 565, 569, 587-8, 593-5, 599, 601-7, 609, 611-2, 637-8, 643, 647-9, 655-7, 661

Bartelowanie  647-9

Barthou, Louis  496, 681-2

Bartos, Wojciech  64

Bathory, Stefan (king of Poland)  40, 168, 387

Bathory, University  523, 627, 632

BBWR (Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government)  620-3, 634, 635, 636-40, 642-3, 646, 649, 652, 654-5, 660, 661, 687, 697

Beaumont Square  148

Beck, Joseph  568, 580, 608, 632, 670-2, 676, 677, 680, 682-4, 689-90, 697

Belarus.  See Byelorussia

Belgium  79, 229, 255, 264, 277, 429, 540

Belina-Prazmowski, Wladyslaw  259

Belvedere Camp  354, 524

Belvedere Palace  353, 390, 445, 491, 513, 522, 541, 543-4, 547, 557, 559, 563, 564, 566, 569-71, 577, 578, 600, 628-9, 631, 682, 688-91

Benes, Edvard  500, 670

Beniaminow  320

Bereza Kartuska, Battle of   384, 407

Bereza Kartuska, internment camp  662-3

Berlin  255, 274-5, 309, 321, 339-40, 349, 433, 441, 463, 617, 673, 677-9, 691

Beseler, Hans Hartwig von  309-14, 318-21, 334, 336, 340, 353, 364

Bessarabia  260, 669

Bezdany Raid   212, 215-25, 231, 235, 239, 294, 454, 621, 642, 699

Bialystok  132, 156

bibula  138-39, 146, 148, 159, 165, 170, 210

Billewicz, Helena  98

Bismarck, Otto von  88, 227, 250, 311, 679

Black Friday  334

Black Hand, the  252

Black Sea  325, 354

Bloody Wednesday  201, 203

Bninski, Count Adolf  597, 600

Bobruisk  316

Boerner, Ignacy  290

Bohemia  21, 25-6, 34, 39, 253, 330, 376

bojowa. See also combat organization  182, 188, 191, 193, 200-2, 208-11, 220, 224-5, 275, 294

Boleslaw I "the Brave" (king of Poland)  21, 46, 83, 354, 419, 421

Boleslaw II "the Bold" (king of Poland)  21

Bolsheviks  12, 316, 334, 351-52, 356, 359, 363, 377, 379, 380-3, 386-8, 393, 395-424 , 428, 430-1, 434-8, 440-2, 447, 451, 454, 459-60, 464, 467, 469, 473-4, 479-80, 509, 578, 595, 619-20, 668

Bolshevik Revolution 323-26

Bosnia-Herzegovina  173, 226, 236, 252-3

Boxer Rebellion  172-3

Brandenburg  37, 44, 45,47, 48

Brest-Litovsk, Treaty of   325-6, 330

Briand, Aristide  486, 627, 668, 675

Bruening, Heinrich  674

Brusilov, General Aleksei  301-4

Brusilov Offensive  302-5, 314, 327

Brzesc   384, 653-7, 661, 663, 695

Brzoska, Stanislaw  87

Bucharest  499, 664

Budionny, Siemion  423-5, 438-9, 442, 465

Bug River  29, 308, 435, 437, 439, 449, 450, 457, 463

Bulgaria  235-7, 251, 317, 334

Burke, Edmund  61

Burkhardt-Bukacki, Stanislaw  259

Butyrki prison  123

Byelorussia (Belarus)   34, 48, 105-6, 179, 183, 305, 308, 316, 318, 346, 355-7, 368, 379-84, 387, 389, 394-6, 399, 395-6, 399, 400, 403, 407, 416, 441, 465, 467, 477-80, 493, 495, 510

Byzantine  19, 34, 219, 347

Camp of Greater Poland  613-4, 663

Campbell, Thomas  64

Car, Stanislaw  606, 632, 635, 638, 649, 651, 685-7

Carpathian Mountains  17, 59, 169, 281, 304, 375, 442

Casimir the Great (king of Poland)  25-8, 37, 168, 376

Catherine the Great (empress of Russia)  56- 65, 70, 173, 316, 346, 473, 565

Catholicism (Roman Catholic Church)  15, 20, 21, 25, 30, 53-6, 44-5, 56-7, 81, 87, 98, 103, 110, 113-4, 150, 153-4, 168, 177, 195, 264, 296-7, 328, 347, 355, 365, 461, 498-9, 502, 510, 534, 563, 589, 610-5, 621, 650, 690

Central Powers  12, 256, 266, 269, 275, 281, 283-6, 289, 290-4, 298, 301, 304-8, 314-9, 321, 325, 332

Central Workers Committee (CKR)  140, 157, 166, 182, 188-9, 202, 204

Centrolew (Provisional Executive Committee of the Centre-Left)  649

Cejtlik  125

Chamberlain, Austen  616, 627

Charlemagne  20, 72

Charles V, Duke of Lorraine  50

Charles XII (king of Sweden)  53

Cheka  440

Chelm  273, 346, 452

Chicago, Illinois  175, 328, 534

Cieszyn  377

China  123, 171-3, 396

Chmielnicki, Bogdan  43, 45

Christian Democrats  543, 548, 603, 634, 643, 648, 652, 655

Church of the Savior of the Blood  120

Churchill, Winston  14, 347, 396, 398, 404-5, 421, 430

Ciechicinek Spa  140

Citadel, Warsaw  2- 9, 12, 81, 118, 160, 169, 176, 200, 337, 440, 516, 530, 569, 653

CKN (Central National Committee)  297-8, 310

CKR (Central Workers Committee)  140, 157, 166, 182, 188-9, 202, 204, 140

Clausewitz, Carl von  208

Clemenceau, Georges  331, 361, 405, 582

combat organization. See also bojowa  182-8, 191, 200-3, 210-1, 221, 290

Committee for Public Salvation  70

Comrade Wiktor  147, 149, 165

Communism  347, 356, 358, 396, 398, 404, 406, 410, 429, 441, 451, 468-9, 621

Communist Worker's party of Poland (KPRP)  358-9, 595

concordat  534, 652

confederation  38-9, 54-60, 66, 74, 555

Congress for the Defense of the Law and Freedom of the People  649-50

Congress Kingdom  77- 87, 101, 131, 141, 165, 167-8, 186-7, 192, 201, 208, 211. 233, 251, 259, 266, 271, 274, 286, 292, 298, 306, 347

Constantine, Grand Duke of Russia  70, 78, 79, 80, 353, 629

Constantinople  35, 48, 49

Continental System  72

Convention Union A,B  318

Coordinating Commission for the Defense of the Republic and Democracy  639

Copernicus, Nicholas  33

cordon sanitaire  479

Corsica, 69, 73, 98

Cossacks  43-4, 48, 183, 185, 192, 220, 280, 406, 423, 438

council of colonels  297-8

Council of National Defense  426-8, 455

coup d'état, May 1926

aerial bombardment  569

causalities  562, 579

cease fire  579-82

general strike  575

government actions  551-2, 558-60, 562, 577-9

initial phases  556-8

Poniatowski bridge incident  558-62

preparations  561, 564-9

race for reinforcements  571-9

railroad workers activities  576

Wilanow  578-9

Cracow. See Krakow

Crimean War  80, 173

Curie-Sklodowska, Maria  113

Curzon, Line  402, 431, 433, 435, 475

Curzon, Lord George  402, 431, 435, 437, 478

Czartoryski, Adam  70, 78-9, 83-4, 355

Czechoslovakia  347, 376, 433, 437, 441, 493, 495, 500, 540, 550, 617, 656, 661, 669, 673, 678, 681

Czechowicz, Gabriel  607, 635, 638, 640-2, 647-8, 653, 660

Czerwinski (minister of education) 648-9

Czestochowa, Black Madonna of  457

 

D'Abernon, Edgar Vincent, 1st Viscount  406, 433-6, 440, 456-62, 467-9, 633

Dabrowa Basin  156, 259, 265, 336      

Dabrowski, Jan  69, 71, 73, 157

Dabkowski, Niedzyslaw  204

Dachau  662

Danzig. See also Gdansk   24, 41, 44, 55, 59, 62, 77, 346, 372, 374, 421-2, 431, 436, 451, 475, 539, 617, 626, 667, 670-5

Darwin, Charles  112, 176

Das Kapital  117

Daszynski, Ignacy  139, 335, 336, 341, 351-2, 436, 514, 563, 574, 637-9, 643-4, 646

Davies, Norman  405, 469

Dawes, Charles (Dawes Plan)  534

De Gaulle, Charles  399, 405, 419, 461

Deane, Silas  59

Debski, Aleksander  586

Debski, Jan  175

Deluge, the  42-8, 53, 203, 260, 309, 345, 375, 555, 610, 699

Denikin, General Anton  396-7, 401, 403, 410, 421-2, 509

Denmark  45, 53

Depression, the Great  649, 658-60, 670

disannexation  374, 429

Dmowski, Roman  170, 176-83, 193-8, 227, 273, 311-2, 327, 331-5, 342, 348, 350-2, 359-62, 371-3, 427, 434-6, 455, 520, 597, 613-4, 663, 699

Dnieper River  43, 59, 330, 424

Dorpat University  116

Douglas, James  179

Druskieniki  606, 630

Dubois, Stanislaw  653

Duchy of Warsaw  497, 598

Duma  192-5, 264

Dumas, Alexander  110

Dunaburg  413

Dvina River  59, 413

Dzierzynski, Feliks  440-2

 

Eagles Nest  295

East Prussia  41, 47, 72, 168, 265, 279, 346, 371-4, 378, 429, 433, 442, 462-3, 673, 675

Eastern Locarno 682-3

Ebert, Friedrich  379

Eden, Anthony  688

Egypt  664

Elbe River  19-20, 340

Elliot, T. S.  159

Elster River  75, 283

Endecja. See also National Democratic Party  176, 513, 516, 521-2, 525

Engels, Friedrich  136-7, 143

Entente  251, 254, 383, 399, 429-30, 433, 437, 471, 475, 477, 673

Estonia  18, 24, 30, 34, 36, 116, 162, 325, 347, 354, 380, 397, 414, 681

 

fascism  556

federation

Boleslaw "the Brave," as proposed by  21

Czartoryski, as proposed by  83-4, 355

Paris Program, as proposed by  135

Pilsudski, as proposed by  13, 144, 188, 355-6

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth  33-4, 37, 83

Prometheism Project  356

Ferdinand, Archduke Franz  242, 251-3, 257, 619

Ferdinand I (king of Rumania)  498, 664

Filipowicz, Tytus  175-6, 179, 181, 204, 667

Finland  308, 324-5, 347, 355, 397, 401, 414, 501

First Brigade  277, 286-90, 294-6, 298, 303-5, 314, 319, 338, 354, 364-6, 525, 527, 541, 553, 562, 566, 568, 594, 608, 670, 687, 698

First War Council  511, 520

flying university  113, 205

Foch, Ferdinand  405, 433, 437, 449, 496

Forward  170

Four Power Pact  673-4

Fourth Brigade  621, 634

Fox, James Charles  61

France

alliances  496-7, 681-2

Army  72, 74-5, 77, 366-7

interwar conferences  500-1, 540, 616-7, 681

military mission in Poland  399, 433-4

Napoleonic age  69-75

Poland, history with  39-40, 68-9, 73, 76, 83, 495

Polish Army, in  329, 331-2

preemptive war, rejects  675

revolution  61, 63, 68, 79

Russia, relations with  681

WWI, and  254-5, 277, 299-300, 331

Franco-Prussian War  299

Frankish Empire  19-20

Franz Joseph (emperor of Austria)  251-2, 306, 308

Frederick the Great (king of Prussia)  56, 208, 372

Frederick William (elector of Brandenburg)  45

Freemasons  612

Freikorps  379, 475

Fujiyama, Mount  176

 

Gai, G. D, (Gai-Khan)  425, 438, 451, 463

Galicia  59, 88, 103, 138, 163-4, 168-9, 181, 186-7, 198-9, 208, 228, 232-5, 253, 263, 267-9, 272, 274, 281, 283, 294, 304, 307-8, 324, 326, 335, 341, 366-8, 371, 375-6, 385, 389, 393-5, 406, 431, 451, 497

Galicia, Battle of  281, 285-6, 289, 304, 329, 338

Gapon, Father Georgei  185

Gazeta Polska, 467

Gdansk. See also Danzig  24, 339, 346, 372 

Gdynia  626, 640, 657, 670-1

Genghis Kan  23

Genoa, Conference of  500-1, 507

George, Lloyd  332, 361, 367, 372-4, 398, 405, 411-2, 416, 430-7, 469-70, 475, 500-3, 540

George III (king of England)  58

Germany

Army  277-8, 317, 325, 422, 475, 672, 674

boycott of Poland  422, 529, 538, 625

empire  37, 45, 48, 53, 270, 347, 374

Hitler, and  22, 41, 72, 98, 178, 405, 410, 445, 462, 503, 556, 605, 614, 662, 671-81, 691, 695, 699

Nazis, and the  13-4, 55, 661-3, 667, 672, 674, 676, 678, 699

Poland, partitions of  58-66

Poland, plans with during WWI  275, 306-11, 318-9

Prussia  37, 44, 47, 53, 55-6, 59, 63, 65, 69, 71, 77-8, 82, 88, 141, 279, 306-7, 433, 442

Rapallo, and the Treaty of  500-1, 540

revisionism  278, 501, 529, 539-40, 617, 667-71, 674, 676, 683

Russia, relation with  500-1, 529, 680-1

Second Polish Republic, relations with  442, 529, 625, 476, 674, 678-80

Wehrmacht  310, 320, 410

Weimar Republic  379, 530, 534, 538, 617, 667, 674

WWI, and the orgins of  250-1, 254-6, 277-9

Gibson, Hugh  416

Ginet, Prince  99

Gniezno  19-20, 26, 38, 73

Goebbels, Joseph  491, 676, 679

Goering, Hermann  679, 691

Golden Horde  22-3

Government of National Salvation  455

government of self-defense (samoobrona)  380

Grabski, Stanislaw  534

Grabski, Wladyslaw  426-9, 431-2, 436, 474, 477, 507, 532-41, 545, 547-8, 552, 626

Grand Design. See also Federation  356-7, 414

Grand Duchy of Lithuania  29, 32, 36, 97, 167, 346, 356, 371, 380, 385

Great Britain  19, 33, 86, 164-5, 173, 175, 251, 253, 255, 277, 300, 329, 361, 388, 396, 398, 402, 412, 414, 431, 468, 539-40, 550, 616, 618, 625, 667-8, 673

Great Cossack Rebellion  43, 47

Greater Poland Uprising  378

Great War. See also World War I  12, 250, 276, 286, 304, 347, 375, 385, 398, 404, 447, 470, 474, 550, 621

Greece  236, 618, 664

Grochow, Battle of  80

Grodno  389, 402, 435, 465-6

Grunswald. See Tannenberg, Battle of (1410)

Grzybowski Square  183, 186

 

Habsburg Empire  41, 49, 52, 65, 168, 251, 253, 259, 271, 273-4, 321

Hadziacz, Union of  46

Haller, Joseph  286, 322, 329-32, 359, 365-7, 389, 414-5, 437, 439, 452, 455, 457, 471, 520, 543, 580, 591

Haller, Stanislaw  520, 543

Hanbury-Williams, Charles  57

Hankey, Maurice  334

Hellman, Madame  216

Helsinki  414

Henri III (king of France and Poland)  39-40

Henrician Articles  40

Henrys, General Paul  339

hetman  48

Hindenburg, Paul von  274, 278, 301, 331, 334

Hitler, Adolf  22, 41, 72, 98, 178, 405, 410, 445, 462, 503, 556, 605, 614, 662, 671-81, 691, 695, 699

Hoffman, General  380, 384

Hohenzollern Empire  37, 45, 48, 53, 270, 347, 374

Hollweg, Chancellor Bethmann  307, 313

Holy Roman Empire  15, 18, 20, 45, 66

Hoover, Herbert  345, 667

Horodlo, Treaty of  27, 32, 99, 354

Hotowko, Tadeuz  662

House, Colonel Edward  361, 397

Hugo, Victor  110

Hundred Days Offensive  334

Hungary  17, 23, 27, 34, 39-40, 49, 137, 226-7, 236-7, 251, 253-4, 258, 279, 330, 335, 347, 414, 441, 443, 497, 670

Hurko, Josif  150

Hyde Park  148

Hythe  437

 

Illakowiczowna, Kazimiera  565-6

Imeretynski, Prince Aleksander  151

Inner War Council  511, 515, 519-20, 522, 585, 592, 598

Inogaki, Major Saburoh  176

Insurrection of 1830-31 (November Insurrection; Uprising of 1830-31)  2, 80-2, 87-8, 101, 107, 186

Insurrection of 1863. (January Insurrection; Uprising of 1863)  84-8, 101-4, 106, 108, 111, 129, 134, 152, 182, 186, 197, 202, 205, 234, 238, 240, 262, 526-7

Inter-Allied Mission to Poland  406, 433-4, 469

Irkutsk  124, 126, 129, 161

Italy  19, 69, 70-1, 75, 80, 84, 114, 234, 251, 253, 327, 329, 333, 344, 369, 441, 500, 540, 545, 556, 618, 673

Ivan the Terrible (czar of Russia)  41-2, 82

 

Jadwiga (queen of Poland)  28-9, 99, 168

Jagiello (Iogaila) (king of Poland)  28-31, 98-9

Jagiellonian age   27, 31-5, 37, 83, 98, 168, 267, 475, 527, 552, 573, 589

Japan  27, 121, 172-81, 184, 187, 189, 191, 197-8, 208, 226, 237, 242, 253, 259, 275, 293, 355, 366, 396, 415, 618, 668

January Insurrection. See Insurrection of 1863

Jasna Gora  44-5, 57-8

Jedrzejewicz, Janusz  668

Jedrzejewski, Stanislaw  174

Jefferson, Thomas  60

Jews  34, 42-3, 65, 105, 177, 195-6, 201, 204, 346, 355, 361, 376, 386, 393, 430, 476, 510, 513, 610, 662

Jodko-Narkiewicz, Witold  96, 166-7, 175, 183, 198, 238, 274

Joffre, General Joseph  300, 444

Juszkiewicz, Maria nee Koplewska (Pilsudski's first wife) 139, 153-5, 162, 169, 176, 205, 214, 232, 297, 337, 354, 498

Juszkiewicz, Marian  153

Juszkiewicz, Wanda  153, 155, 169, 205, 337, 498

Juszczynski, Stefan  129

 

Kakowski, Aleksander, Archbishop of Warsaw  499, 611, 650

Kamenev, General Sergei  403, 432, 442, 464

Kanczer, Michal 119-21

Karwina Basin  377

Kasprzycki, Tadeusz  261

Kasztanka  281, 385, 608, 630

Katowice  589

Kaunas  380, 387, 487

Kellogg-Briand Pact  668, 675

Kessler, Count Harry  339, 359

Kety  289

Kharkov  115-6, 192, 431

Kielce  259, 262-5, 267, 269, 279-81

Kiev  21-3, 29, 42, 46, 147, 163, 167, 193, 206, 213, 221, 241, 326, 375, 397, 401, 418, 425, 459, 465, 467, 583, 609

Kirensk  124-7, 129, 161

Klub Praca  553, 565, 604

Kluck, Governor-General von  308

Kluski-Modrzejewski  629

KNP (Polish National Committee)  273-4, 331

Koc, Adam  275, 341, 608

Kolchak, Admiral  396

Konarmia  423, 425, 438-9, 447

Konrad I, Duke of Masovia  24-5

Koplewska, Maria. See Juszkiewicz, Maria

Korea  173, 191

Korfanty, Wojciech  341, 508

Kościuszko Army  327-9

Kościuszko, Tadeusz  59-61, 63-5, 68, 74, 103, 186, 353, 405

Kościuszko's Uprising  63-5

Kosinierzy units  64

Kostiuchnowka, Battle of  295, 302-4

Koverda, Boros  619

Kozlowski, Leon  668

KPRP (Communist Workers Party of Poland)  358-9

Krakow (Cracow)  33, 53, 63, 65, 73, 78, 82, 99, 121-2, 164, 167-70, 186, 204, 207-11, 221, 223, 225, 230, 259, 261, 266,-9, 280-81, 284-5, 289, 296-7, 304, 306, 329, 335-6, 354, 360, 498, 508, 527, 531, 573, 648-52, 659, 661, 684, 692

Krasinski, Zygmunt  103, 141, 143

KTSSN (Provisional Committee of the Confederation of Independence Parties) 238-40, 257-8, 261, 267

Kucharzewski, Jan  321, 326

Kurier Poranny (the Morning Courier)  522, 552

 

Lados, General Kazimierz  582

Landy, Stanislaw  126

Latvia  19, 30, 34, 36, 144, 179, 183, 325, 347, 354, 397, 401, 408, 413-4, 473, 493, 681  

Laval, Pierre  689-91

Lazienki Palace  499

Legionnaires Association  527-8, 536

Le Matin  602

Lena River  126

League of Nations  374, 397-8, 432, 434, 477, 540, 618, 627-8, 667-71, 677, 679, 681, 683

Leipzig  75, 141, 415

Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich (Ulyanov)  12, 119, 121-2, 316, 323-6, 339, 341, 349, 359, 398-405, 409-11, 413, 417, 420, 424, 430-4, 440-4, 464, 472-5, 479-80, 509, 669

Leo, Juliusz  267

Leopold I (Habsburg emperor)  49

Lepecki, Captain Mierczyslaw  676, 689

Lerchenfield, Count  340

Lewandowska, Leonarda  126-8

Leytonstone,  148, 164

liberum veto  47, 54-5, 58, 60, 66-7, 503

Lieberman, Herman  653

Liebknecht, Karl  379

Liebknecht, Wilhelm  117, 143

Lipman, Stefania  7, 119

Lipski, Josef  676-7

Lithuania  18, 28-36, 46-7, 77-80, 85-7, 97-101, 105, 160, 166, 197, 212, 292, 308, 325, 332, 346-7, 354-6, 359, 368, 379-90, 394, 397, 401, 405, 408, 414, 428, 465, 466-78, 492, 495, 526, 594, 607-10, 617, 626-8, 656, 670, 681, 684

Little Entente  673

Litvinov, Maxim  681

Livonia  24, 30, 47, 59

Locarno, Treaty of  539-41, 543, 616-7, 619, 667

Lodz  9, 131-32, 154-5, 157, 161-3, 184, 189-90, 202, 284, 320, 363, 545, 569, 625

Lomza  153

London  134-5, 141, 147-9, 151, 153, 155, 159, 164, 166-7, 169, 175, 312, 411, 416, 421, 431-3, 440, 451, 539

London Sunday Times  671

Louis-Philippe, Duke of Orleans  79

Louis XIV (king of France)  48

Lowczowek  288

Lublin  36-7, 187, 326, 336, 351-2, 382, 451, 458

Lublin, Union of  36-7, 42, 83, 166, 355, 387

Lubomirski, Prince Zdzislaw  340-1

Ludendorff, Erich  303, 421

Lukaszewicz, Josef  119-20

Luxemburg, Rosa  379, 441

Lwow  73, 77, 163, 213, 228, 232, 268, 281, 336, 375-6, 382, 393, 395, 402, 431, 451, 499, 543, 545, 599

 

MacArthur, Douglas  405, 677

Maciejowice  64

Madalinski  (Polish officer)  63

Madeira  664

Madonna of the Sharp Gate (Ostra Brama)  260, 612, 629, 691

Magdeburg Fortress  321, 337-9, 349, 359, 453

Magyars  17, 253

Makino, Count Nobuaki  174

Maklakov, Nikolia  272

Malczewski, General Juliusz  551-2, 554, 556-7, 569-70, 579-80

Malinowski, Alexander  157, 183

Malopolska  21, 29

Mancewicz, Dr. Michal  129

Manchester Guardian  654, 683

Manchuria  172-3, 180-1, 191, 668

March Constitution (Constitution of 1921)  504-5

Marchlewski, Julian 400, 410, 440

Marek, Zygmunt  547, 600

Markham, Edwin  323

Marne, Battle of the  279, 299, 444

Marx, Karl  61, 117, 136, 144, 205, 442, 474

Masovia  21, 24, 65

Matka Polka  114

Maximilian II  41

Max-Miller, William  514

May Constitution (Constitution of 1791)  61, 63, 70, 148, 306, 309, 420, 505, 546, 687

May Day  132, 189, 233, 546

May-ed (zmajowany)  593

Mazurkiewicz, Wladyslaw  9-11, 161, 163

Mech, Wladyslaw  204

Mendelson, Stanislaw  137

Mickiewicz, Adam  16, 103, 107-8, 143, 152, 260, 381, 387, 440, 650

Mieszko, Prince  20-1

Miklaszewski, Jan  162, 165

Millerand, Alexandre  437, 470, 496

Miner, the  175

Minority Treaty  430, 683

Minsk  29, 190, 381, 389, 394-5, 426, 462, 472, 474, 478, 554, 593

Minsk Mazowiecki  554

Miracle on the Vistula  12, 461, 468, 472, 480, 511

Mitteleuropa  307

Mohacs, Battle of  49

Mohi  23

Moltke, Hans von  677

Mongols 17, 22-3

Montenegro  236

Montrouge  134

Moraczewski, Jerrzej  352-3, 360-1, 507

Morning Courier, the (Kurier Poranny)  522, 552

Morstin, Ludwig  675

Moscicki, Ignacy  148, 599, 603, 607, 611-2, 640, 649, 651, 655, 676, 689-90, 692, 698

Moscow  17, 22, 34, 41-2, 64, 74, 108, 123-4, 154, 230, 317-8, 331, 354, 396, 400, 411, 417-8, 431, 433, 436-7, 440-2, 451, 464, 469, 472, 479, 619, 668, 689

Muraview, Mikhail "Hangman"  87, 103-4, 106, 108, 152, 161

Murmansk  331, 397

Muscovy (Muscovite Russia)  15, 19, 23, 31, 34-5, 39, 41-6, 104, 111, 142, 152, 179, 272, 283

Mussolini, Benito  178, 405, 503, 556, 561, 657, 673, 695

 

naczelnik  63, 353

name day  415, 536, 611, 664, 688

Napoleon III  85

Napoleon Bonaparte  69-77, 98, 110, 208, 284, 287, 291, 316, 410, 417, 441, 446-7, 466, 497, 561, 583-4, 598, 601, 630

Narew River  228

Narutowicz, Gabriel  512-6, 519, 523, 525-6, 596, 598

National Central Committee  297

National Democratic Party (ND)  178, 183, 193, 195, 229, 238, 262, 265-9, 273, 285, 321, 335, 352, 359-60, 368, 414, 420, 476, 506, 510, 512-4, 519, 522, 525-6, 532, 542, 543, 548, 589, 597, 609-10, 613, 615, 648, 699

National Will (People's Will)  115, 118-9, 122

Nazi  13-4, 55, 661-3, 667, 672, 674, 676, 678, 699

ND.  See National Democratic Party

NEP (New Economic Policy)  480

Neris River  105

New Polish Courier (Nowy Kurier Polski)  546

New York Times  690

Nicholas I (czar of Russia)  2, 79-80, 84, 271, 387

Nicholas II (czar of Russia)  150, 158, 184-5, 187, 192-4, 255, 271, 301, 307, 310, 315

Niemen River, Battle of  463, 466-7, 473, 492, 583

Niewiadomski, Eligiusz  514-6

Nikolayevich, Grand Duke Nikolia  271

NKN (Supreme National Committee)  267-9, 273-5, 280, 289, 290, 295, 297, 308, 313

Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government (BBWR)  620-3, 634-40, 642-3, 646, 649, 652, 654-5, 660-1, 687, 697

November Insurrection. See Insurrection of 1830-31

Nowak, Julian  508

 

oath crisis  320-1, 329, 338

Ober Ost  378

October Manifesto  192-3

Okhrana  234, 578

Okrzeja, Stefan  184

Olza River  433

Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN)  662

Orlicz-Dreszer, General Gustaw  541-3, 557, 559, 561, 566-8, 611, 692

Ostra Brama (Madonna of the Sharp Gate)  260, 612, 629, 691

Ottoman Empire  49, 226, 236, 374

Otwock  293-4

 

Pacta Conventa  40, 576

Paderewski, Ignacy  311-2, 327-8, 333, 357, 360-3, 367, 371, 378, 388, 392, 397-8, 434, 477, 507, 597

Paine, Thomas  61

Pale of Settlement  346

Panas, Father Josef  611

Papen, Franz von  675

Paris  56, 59, 69, 75, 82-3, 148, 181-3, 241, 255, 277, 279, 290, 312, 327, 331, 335, 351, 363, 383, 388-9, 392-3, 441, 444, 470, 495-6, 512, 608, 668, 670, 675, 689

Paris Peace Conference  348, 361, 371, 373, 375-7, 397, 412

Paris Program  134-5, 139, 355

Parniewski, Kazimierz  141

Paszkowska, Maria "Gintra"  4-7, 9

Patek, Stanislaw  411, 619

Pawiak Prison  200, 292

Peasant Party  512, 515, 528, 589

Perl, Feliks  164, 167, 214, 222, 239, 573-5

Petain, General Philippe  300, 691

Peter and Paul Fortress  121

Peter the Great (czar of Russia)  52-4, 314, 325, 380, 472

Petlura, Symon  376, 401, 417-8, 422, 467, 478-9

Petrograd. See St. Petersburg

Piaseczno  304

Piast parties  336, 363, 436, 510, 548, 603, 649

Pikiliszki  631

Pilsudski, Adam (brother)  102, 154

Pilsudski, Aleksandra. See Szczerbinska, Aleksandra (second wife)

Pilsudski, Bronislaw (brother)  102, 107-8, 112, 114, 116, 119-20, 128, 137, 165, 191

Pilsudski, Jadwiga (daughter) 414, 523

Pilsudski, Jan (brother)  102, 154

Pilsudski, Josef (Joseph) Klemens

aliases  137, 147, 154, 165, 231

arrests  116, 121, 321

assassination attempt  499

Austria, relations with  168-9, 198-9, 234-5, 257-8, 262, 267-70

BBWR, and the  62-3, 634-7, 640, 643, 654, 660, 687

Bezdany Raid  211-24

birth  97

Brzesc  651-7

children  337, 342, 391, 414, 523

coup d'état  550-82

death  690

de facto dictatorship  353, 602

distrust of Russia  104, 106-8, 111, 140, 142-3, 179-80, 227, 409, 411-2, 454, 668

Dmowski, and  170, 176-81, 195-7, 311, 331, 342, 350, 352, 357-62, 371, 436, 455, 520, 663, 699

early life  102-15

education  103, 106-11, 115

elections of 1922, and the  512-7

election of 1928, and the  634-8

election of 1930, and the  651-7

escapes from prison  2-11

expletives, use of  525-6, 609, 632, 639

federation plans  13, 144, 188, 355-6, 387-8, 417, 478, 480, 495

First Brigade  286-2, 294-6, 298, 303-5, 313, 319, 365, 525, 527, 541, 593, 608, 670

first love  126-7

funeral  691-2

head of state, as  12, 14, 163, 226, 341, 349, 364, 369, 436, 454, 503, 509, 511, 513, 521-2, 573, 585, 591, 598, 630

health  126, 131, 170, 204, 231, 234, 296, 535, 547, 615, 632, 638, 663-4, 670, 688, 696

hobbies  629-31, 664

home life  523-7, 628-32

honors  496, 523, 527

imprisonment  116, 123-4, 126, 337-40

inspector general, as  592-3, 644, 696

Japan, in  174-81

Kiev, captures  419

Krakow, in  164, 168-9, 204, 228-9, 232

languages  106-8, 175, 186, 232, 390

Legionnaire Association, and the  527-8, 536

Lenin, relations with  401, 509

London, in  148, 152

    Magdeburg Fortress, in  321, 337-9, 349, 359, 453

marriages  153, 498-9

Marshal of Poland, becomes  414-5

minister of war, as  587, 592-3, 603, 607, 628, 638, 696

Minsk, captures  394-5

Miracle on the Vistula, and the  12, 461, 468, 472, 480, 511

mother, influence of  100-3, 106-7, 114, 446, 583-4

Napoleon, admiration of  110, 208, 284, 287, 417, 441, 445, 447, 458, 466, 561, 583-4, 601, 630

newspaper interviews  522, 552, 546, 602, 639, 641, 643-4

nicknames  102, 229,  282, 523

oath crisis  320-1, 329, 338

Paris, in  183, 496

physical description  130, 149-50, 206, 350, 419, 453, 586

Polish Army, and the  12, 54, 191, 208-9, 211-4, 224, 228, 230-2, 258-9, 262, 274, 287, 298, 306, 369, 376, 384-5, 415, 457, 541, 568

Polish Legions, and the  174, 237, 263, 305

POW, and the  275-6, 291-4, 298, 313, 341, 364-5, 390

prime minister, as  602, 607, 614, 632, 639, 651, 660

publications  110, 112, 138, 148, 151, 170, 234, 238, 526, 643, 646

predictions  241-2, 680

refusals of political office  369, 510-1, 598-9

refuses oath  12, 320

released from German prison  339-40

religious beliefs  103, 110, 153, 296-7, 499, 629

reorganization of army high command  496, 511, 585, 592

resignations  304, 435-6, 520-1, 598, 647, 660

retirement  520-3

Siberian exile  122-9

siblings  102, 154, 129-31, 165

Socialism, and  4, 112, 116, 122, 131, 133, 142-4, 148, 170, 182, 207, 217, 228, 235, 351-2, 359, 362, 441, 470, 572-4, 576, 589, 595, 600, 634

soldiers in the Sejm incident  644-5

speeches  149, 182, 186, 369, 395,  419,  458, 521-2, 526-7, 545, 596-7, 608, 636

Ulna Mala  284, 338

underground activities  137-8, 141, 147, 154-6, 165-6

vacations  232, 498, 606, 664

Wilno, captures  384, 387

Worker, and the  141-9, 152, 155-9

WWI battles  283-4, 286, 295-6, 302-4

ZZSP, and the  135, 137, 140, 148, 153

Pilsudski, Józef Wincenty (father)  97-101, 105, 165

Pilsudski, Maria Billewicz (mother) 100-3, 106-7, 114, 446, 583-4

Pilsudski, Maria. See Juszkiewicz, Maria nee Koplewska (first wife)

Pilsudski, Wanda (daughter)  337, 342, 391, 523, 680

Pilsudski, Zofja (sister)  102, 129-31

Pinsk  466

Pius XI (pope) See also Ratti, Achille 456, 611

PKP (Polish Auxiliary Corps)  305

Podolia  36, 49, 57, 59, 371

pogrom  201, 376

Poincare, Raymond  475

Poland

Austrian Poland  12, 88, 164, 168-9, 188, 249, 261

bulwark of Christianity  371, 469, 612

Catholicism, of  ethnic Poles  19, 610-2

Congress Kingdom  77- 87, 101, 131, 141, 165, 167-8, 186, 187, 192, 201, 208, 211. 233, 251, 259, 266, 271, 274, 286, 292, 298, 306, 347

Deluge, the  42-8, 203, 260, 309, 345, 375, 503, 555, 610, 699

Duchy of Warsaw  497, 598

early history  18-35

economy  493, 518, 528-34, 538-9, 545, 625-6, 643, 657-9

enlightened policies  37-40, 552

ethnicity  354, 476, 493-4

golden age  33-4, 105, 260, 354, 387, 503

invasions of  20, 23-5, 44-6, 58, 62-65, 75, 426

Jagiellonian age  28-35

minorities  90-1, 197, 357, 493-4, 596-8

Napoleon, and  69-77, 98, 110, 208, 284, 287, 291, 316, 410, 417, 441, 446-7, 466, 497, 561, 583-4, 598, 601, 630

Noble Republic  36, 39-40, 43, 45, 47, 66-8, 136, 144

non-aggression pact with Germany  677-80

non-aggression pact with Russia  669, 680

partitions  2, 58-66

period of fragmentation  21-2, 24-5, 27

Piast dynasty  20-1, 25, 27-8, 38, 555

Pilsudski, after  696-700

political parties, proliferation of  506, 510

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth  37, 40, 45, 55, 66, 75, 77, 85, 105, 137, 145, 177, 180, 196, 332, 355, 374-5, 382, 476, 504, 526, 594, 610

population  55, 66, 270, 312, 476, 493

Prussian Poland  70, 187

reborn  342

religious tolerance  18, 35, 430, 683

Russian Poland  234-5, 237, 258-9, 261-8, 272, 279, 281, 286, 292, 305-8, 311, 316, 322, 593, 629

Second Republic  350, 363, 368, 375, 477, 492, 498, 502, 505, 507, 524, 539, 549, 559, 568, 574, 602, 610, 623, 647, 657, 663, 692, 694

Third Republic  700

uprisings, insurrections  2, 80, 84-8, 101-4, 106-8, 111, 129, 134, 152, 182, 186, 197, 202, 205, 234, 238, 240, 262, 526-7

WWI, and  256, 271-2, 307

Polanie, tribe  19

Polish Aid Corps  330

Polish Armed Forces  238 340, 364, 368, 421

Polish Army  192, 215, 224, 232, 258, 260-2, 286-7, 298, 306, 310, 312, 320, 334, 349, 365-8, 376, 381, 384, 386, 400-1, 405-7, 414, 416, 420, 423-6, 440, 442, 448, 451-3, 462, 464, 473, 495, 541, 593, 617, 627, 667, 674, 691, 698

Polish Army in France  329

Polish Auxiliary Corps (PKP)  305

Polish Constitution of 1791 (May Constitution)  61, 63, 70, 148, 306, 309, 420, 505, 546, 687

Polish Constitution of 1919(small constitution)  370

Polish Constitution of 1921(March Constitution)  495, 504-7, 510, 587, 604

Polish Constitution of 1935(April Constitution)  685-7

Polish Corridor  47, 374, 475, 539, 616, 618, 667, 671-3

Polish First Corps  316

Polish Legions

disbands  304

Eastern Legion  268, 285

formation  263, 268-70

Galicia, during Battle of  283-5

Kielce, at  279-81

legionnaires association  527-8, 536

Napoleonic  69-70

Pilsudski proposes  174, 237, 263

Western Legion  268

WWI battles  283-4, 286, 295-6, 302-4

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth  37, 40, 45, 55, 66, 75, 77, 85, 105, 137, 145, 177, 180, 196, 332, 355, 374-5, 382, 476, 504, 526, 594, 610

Polish Military Organization (POW)  275-6, 291-4, 298, 311, 313, 341, 364-5, 390

Polish National Committee (KNP)  273-4, 331

Polish National Organization (PON)  274-5

Polish People's Republic  351, 650

Polish Relief Committee  312

Polish Socialist Party (PPS)  4, 6-7, 9-10, 135-70, 174-226, 229, 234-9, 259, 262, 264, 314, 318, 335, 355, 358, 379, 413, 421, 506, 510, 514-5, 525, 531, 548, 573-5, 586, 588, 598-601, 606, 621-2, 634, 636, 639, 642-8, 653

Polish-Soviet War

background  379-82, 384, 404-8

battles  384, 413, 416, 419, 423-5, 438, 454-7, 459, 466

casualties  413, 422, 463, 467

conclusion  467

Inter-Allied Mission  406, 433-4, 469

Kiev campaign  418-21

Miracle on the Vistula  12, 461, 468, 472, 480, 511

Niemen River, Battle of  463, 466-7, 473, 492, 583

outbreak  384

Riga, Treaty of  12, 474-80, 498, 504

significance  467-9

Soviet peace campaign  410-2

Soviet plans  409-12, 423, 441-2, 464

Spa conference, and the  431, 433, 477

Stalin, and  405, 421, 423-4, 441-2, 464

Ukrainian campaign  375-6, 393-4

Warsaw, Battle of  437-58

Poltava, Battle of  53

Pomerania  21, 24-5, 54-5, 346, 371-2, 414, 589

PON (Polish National Organization)  274-5

Poniatowski Bridge  559, 561, 567, 592

Poniatowski, Joseph  62-3, 73, 283

Poniatowski, Stanislaw. See  Stanislaw II Augustus (king of Poland) 

Ponikowski, Antoni  499, 502, 507-8

Populist parties  335, 368, 512-3, 528

Port Arthur  172

Portsmouth, Treaty of  191

POW (Polish Military Organization)  275-6, 291-4, 298, 313, 341, 364-5, 390

Porwit, Marian  560

Poznan, Poznania  77, 237, 341, 352, 371-2, 378, 455, 527, 542-3, 570-3, 589, 613, 650

PPS (Polish Socialist Party)  4, 6-7, 9-10, 135-70, 174-226, 229, 234-5, 237-9, 259, 262, 264, 314, 318, 335, 355, 358, 379, 413, 421, 506, 510, 514-5, 525, 531, 548, 573-5, 586, 588, 598-601, 606, 621-2, 634, 636, 639, 642-8, 653

PPS-Left  203, 238, 335, 358

Praga  455, 557, 560-2

Praga, Massacre of  65

Prauss, Ksawery 164-5

Pre-Dawn, the  137, 139, 148, 167, 169

Princip, Gavrilo  252

Pripet Marshes  17, 162, 412, 417, 422, 425, 442

Pripet River  231, 346, 416

Proletariat, the  118

Prometheism Project. See also federation  356

Provisional Committee of the Confederation of Independence Parties (KTSSN)  238-40, 257-8, 261, 267

Provisional Council of State  (TRS)  308, 311-4, 318, 321

Provisional Executive Committee of Centre-Left (Centrolew)  649

Provisional Polish Revolutionary Committee (Polrevkom)  440

Prussia  37, 44, 47, 53, 55-6, 59, 63, 65, 69, 71, 77-8, 82, 88, 141, 279, 306-7, 433, 442

Prystor, Alexander  189, 210, 212, 215, 219, 235, 341, 384, 608, 632, 642, 647-9, 665-6

Przemysl  330, 611

Pulawy  458

Pultusk  63

 

Quadrennial Sejm  60

 

Raclawice, Battle of  63-4

Radziwill, Janusz  609, 610

Radziwill, Stanislaw  609

Radziwillowicz, Rafal  6

Radzymin, suburb of  453-6

Rapallo, Treaty of  500-1, 540, 616-7, 681

Rataj, Marciej  515, 530, 537, 542, 546, 563, 580-2, 586-7, 590, 597, 599, 605, 609, 612, 614

Ratti, Achille, See Pius XI (pope)  456, 611

Red Army  12-3, 384, 388, 402-6, 411, 413-8, 421-4, 429, 431, 435, 440-4, 447, 449, 452, 463-9, 471, 479, 495, 532, 691

Regency Council  318, 321, 326, 330, 334-41, 350, 366

Republic of Anarchy  68, 335

Revolution of 1905  193, 197-8, 200, 204, 208, 276, 315 

Revolution of 1917  223, 313-7

Rhineland Pact  540

riflemen associations  13, 228, 234, 236, 240, 257, 280, 290, 366, 621

Riga, Treaty of  12, 474-80, 498, 504

Robotnik (the Worker)  142-9, 152, 155-9, 163-5, 167, 170, 189, 238, 352

Rokitna, Charge at  290-1

rokosz  555

Roman Catholic Church. See Catholicism

Roman Empire  18-20, 66, 110

Romania.See Rumania

Romanov Empire  48, 76, 270, 272, 314-5, 317, 325, 347

Romocki, Pawel  603

Roosevelt, President Theodore  191

Rossa Cemetery  691

Rothschild, Joseph  696

Royal Castle  353, 524, 562, 600, 614, 658

Roznowski, Kazimierz  154-5, 159

Rozwadowski, General Tadeusz  334, 581-2, 591

Ruik dynasty  23

Rumania (Romania) 18, 83, 237, 414, 419, 441, 493, 487-9, 520, 619, 664, 669-70, 673, 682, 692

Rumbold, Sir Horace  348, 392

Russia

alliances  668-9

Bolsheviks, and  12, 316, 334, 351-52, 356, 359, 363, 377, 379, 380-3, 386-8, 393, 395-424 , 428, 430-1, 434-8, 440-2, 447, 451, 454, 459-60, 464, 467, 469, 473-4, 479-80, 509, 578, 595, 619-20, 668

Civil War  325, 396-7, 401, 403, 409

Congress Kingdom  77- 87, 101, 131, 141, 165, 167-8, 186, 187, 192, 201, 208, 211. 233, 251, 259, 266, 271, 274, 286, 292, 298, 306, 347

early history  29, 34-5, 41, 44

Germany, relations with  500-1, 529, 680-1

Poland, partitions of  58-62

Poland, plans for during WWI  271-3, 316-7, 323

Polish uprisings, suppression of  57-9, 63-5, 79-81, 84-8

Revolution of 1905  193, 197-8, 200, 204, 208, 276, 315

Revolution of 1917  223, 313-7

 Russian Poland  234-5, 237, 258-68, 272, 279, 281, 286, 292, 305-8, 311, 316, 322, 593, 629

Time of Troubles  42

Turkey, wars with  62, 69, 79

Ruthenia, Ruthenians  23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 46, 144, 375, 419, 476, 507

Rydz-Smigly, General Edward  289, 306, 336, 376, 413, 424, 458, 698

Rytro  170

 

Saint-Cyr  496

St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker  9, 161

St. Petersburg (Petrograd, Leningrad)  9, 64, 115, 118-20, 127, 137, 161, 165, 185, 212, 219, 314, 340            

St. Stanislaw (Stanislaw of Szczepanow)  22, 47, 168, 344

Sakhalin Island  121, 128, 165, 191

Sanacja  588, 594, 602, 604, 607, 613, 621-2, 613, 634-40, 644-5, 647, 649, 653, 655, 657, 659, 663

San Stefano, Treaty of  237

Sapieha, Adam  684

Sapieha, Prince Eustachy  361, 496, 499, 611

Sarajevo  242, 250-2

Saratoga, Battle of  60

Sawicki (Bezdany Raid participant)  213, 215

Sawicki, Colonel Kazimierz  561

Saxon Square  513, 562, 569-70

Saxony  50, 53, 71, 75, 141

Schlieffen Plan  242, 255, 277, 279

SDKPil (Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania)  160, 189, 204, 335, 358

Second Brigade  286, 320, 327, 329-30, 365, 611

Second March First plot  120

Second Polish Republic  350, 363, 368, 375, 477, 492, 498, 502, 505, 507, 524, 539, 549, 559, 568, 574, 602, 610, 623, 647, 657, 663, 692, 694

Sedan  255, 449

Seeckt, General Hans von  442, 476

Seine River  122

Sejm  38-40, 47-8, 50, 53-8, 60-1, 66-7, 79, 369-70, 385, 389, 392, 414, 427, 474, 476, 478, 500-10, 512, 515-21, 529-34, 537-9, 542, 546-8, 581, 589, 596-602, 604-7, 610-15, 635-6, 639-57, 660-1, 685-7

Sejmocracy  505-8, 539, 566, 584

Sejm of the West  590

Serbia  226-7, 235-7, 241, 252-5, 257, 259, 279, 281

Sforza, Bona  33, 35, 475

Sforza, Count Carlo  14, 17, 475

Shabashnikov, Ivan  7-8

Siberia  3, 5, 7-8, 57-8, 65, 81, 87, 103, 109, 114, 121-9, 131, 133-4, 137, 200, 235, 323, 350, 397, 422-5, 441, 458, 615, 629

Sicinski, Wladyslaw  47

Siedielnikow, Alexel  4-6

Sieroszewski, Waclaw  264

Sigismund I "the Elder" (king of Poland)  33

Sigismund II Augustus (king of Poland)  35-7

Sikorski, Wladyslaw  232, 263, 274, 283, 290, 310, 320, 365, 416, 435, 439, 457, 460, 471, 515, 519-20, 526-8, 536-7, 541-8, 551-2, 565-6, 571, 591, 659-60

Silent Sejm  54-5, 81, 152, 314, 646

Silesia  21, 26, 34, 237, 265, 335, 339, 346, 354, 368, 371-4, 376-7, 431, 433, 475, 495, 500, 508, 539, 589-90, 626, 675

Skalon, Georgii  201

Skirmunt-Benes Pact  500

Skirmunt, Konstanty  499-502, 508-9

Skorewicz, Kazimierz  524

Skrzynski, Count Alexander  543-8, 574

Skulski, Leopold  363, 426, 507

Skwarczynski, Stanisalw  571

Slawek, Walery  183-4, 188, 200, 210, 215, 238, 289, 294, 608, 612, 621-2, 625, 632, 634, 636-9, 643, 649-51, 660-6, 689, 698

Slawoj-Skladkowski, General  664

Sliwinski, Artur  289, 508, 657, 694, 697             

Słowacki, Juliusz  98, 103, 107, 143, 158, 381, 608, 695-6

Small Constitution. (Polish constitution of 1919)  370

Sobieski, John III (king of Poland)  48-52, 55, 64-5, 69, 73, 98-9, 109, 168, 260, 447, 578, 684, 692

Social Democrats  379, 573

Socialism  13, 112, 115, 117, 130-1, 133-4, 136, 141-4, 153, 166-7, 170, 177, 203, 214, 227, 351-2, 388, 404, 476, 480, 556, 573, 621

Sokolnicki, Michal  204

Somme, Battle of  300-1

Somosierra  291

Sosnkowski, Kazimierz  211, 213, 236, 238, 289, 338-9, 366, 443-4, 453, 496, 535-6, 571-2

Spa Conference   431, 433, 477

Spain  15, 31, 33

Spartacist Uprising  379

Sponjia  112-3, 117

stabilization loan  625

Stalin, Joseph  13, 98, 380, 403, 405, 421, 423-4, 441-2, 464, 480, 503, 595, 619-20, 657, 662, 668-9, 681, 695

Stanislaw II Augustus. See Poniatowski, Stanislaw (king of Poland)

Stavropol  365

Steczkowski, Jan Kanty  326

Stresemann, Gustav  627

Stronnictwo Chlopski  643

Stronski, Stanislaw  686

Struggle, the  167, 169

Strzelcy.  See riflemen associations

Styr River  294, 298, 302, 424

Sulejowek  536, 542-3, 553-4, 556, 560-1, 630, 688

Sulkiewicz, Alexander  139, 159, 162-3, 166-7

Suwalki  380, 390

Supreme National Council (NKN)  267-9, 273-5, 280, 289, 290, 295, 297, 308, 313

Sweden  43-5, 47, 53

Swiss mark  539

Switalski, Kazimierz  608, 641, 644, 646, 660

Switzerland  31, 240, 312, 324, 331, 434, 512, 539

Szczerbinska, Aleksandra (second wife)  104, 109, 127, 205-7, 212-5, 221-2, 232, 280, 292-3, 312, 337, 342, 354, 391, 414, 454, 498-9, 512, 524, 554, 561, 586, 629, 631, 694

Szczypiorno  320

Szembek, Count Jan  673

Szeptycki, Stanisalw  305, 365, 394, 437, 520, 522-3, 552, 591

szlachta  27-8, 32-3, 37, 39-40, 42-3, 51, 55, 66-7, 74, 99, 110, 112, 177, 196, 205, 477, 555, 576, 609-10

Szwarce, Bronislaw  128

 

tachanka  406, 423

Talleyrand, Charles Maurice de  77

Tannenberg, Battle of (1410)  31-2, 177, 230, 271

Tannenberg, Battle of (1918)  278-9, 281

Target Vistula  382

Tarnogrod, Confederation of  54

Tarnowski, Count Adam  590

Tatars  15, 17-8, 30-1, 34-5, 40, 43, 355

Tenth Pavilion  3-4, 9, 200

Teschen (Silesia)  334, 374, 376, 431, 433, 500, 617, 669, 676

Teutonic Knights  24-6, 30-2, 41, 44, 62, 177, 272, 374

Third Brigade  286, 365, 394, 522

Third Partition  2, 68, 72, 77

Thirteenth Point  41, 333, 370, 374

Thugutt, Stanislaw  537

Tokyo  175-6, 178-9, 209, 667

Tomsk  124

Trampczynski, Marshal of the Sejm  420-1

Transylvania  40, 44, 48-9

Traugutt, Romuald  86, 98

Triple Entente  251

Trotsky, Leon  12, 98, 402-3, 405, 409-10, 412, 422, 424, 480

TRS (Provisional Council of State)  308, 311-4, 318, 321

Trzaska-Durski, Karol  270, 286

Tukhachevsky, General Mikhail  422-26, 428-30, 435, 437-8, 442-3, 446-7, 449, 451-4, 458-69, 472-3, 480, 526

Tunka  128-9, 161

Turkey  60-3, 79, 83, 226, 236-7, 251, 317, 347, 664

Two Emperor's Manifesto  306, 309, 327

Tyumen  124

 

Ukraine, the  23, 29, 36-7, 42-9, 53, 57, 62, 80, 98, 179, 197, 273, 291, 304, 308, 319, 325, 330-1, 346, 357, 365-7, 376, 380, 383, 387, 390, 393, 396-7, 401, 405, 414-21, 441, 476, 478, 480, 509, 573, 662, 684

uhlan  291, 366, 457, 554

Ulina Mala  284, 338

Ulyanov, Aleksander  119-21, 323

Ulyanov, Vladimir IIyich. See Lenin

Union for Active Struggle (ZWC)  213, 225, 228-9, 231, 236, 275, 289, 366, 535

Union of Polish Socialists Abroad (ZZSP)  135, 137, 140, 148, 153

United States of America  59-60, 64, 68, 141, 174-5, 187, 251, 312, 317-8, 326-35, 345, 361, 366-7, 372-3, 377, 396-7, 414, 416, 529, 534, 625, 657, 667

Ural Mountains  123, 407

Utsunomiya, Colonel Taro 175

 

Valois, Henri.  See Henri III (king of France and Poland)

Vasa, Sigismund (king of Poland)  42

Venice  231

Verdun, Battle of  299-302, 496

Versailles, Treaty of  332, 361, 372-4, 377-8, 394, 397, 409, 412, 414, 430, 539, 616-7, 627, 667, 669, 671-6, 678, 681, 683

Vienna  23, 168, 174, 203, 226, 239, 250-7, 267-8, 274-5, 289, 329, 351, 573, 688

Vienna, Congress of  76-7, 241, 250-1, 306, 329, 373

Vienna, Siege of  49-52, 69, 73, 447, 457, 684

Virgin Mary  457, 461, 471, 612, 629

Virtuti Militari  471, 496, 521, 523, 560, 609

Vistula River  2, 19, 25, 47, 59, 64-5, 228, 279, 412, 430, 440, 444, 451, 453, 466, 511, 557, 560, 586

Vistula Land  87, 100

Vladivostok  396

Voikov, Pyotr  619

Voldemaras, Augustinas  627-8

Volga River  124, 397

Volhynia, Volhynian  36, 291, 371, 375, 393, 420

 

Walesa, Lech  699

Wasilewski, Leon  149, 204, 383

Warsaw  2, 36-45, 63-5, 73, 75, 79-81, 118, 140-1, 151-3, 183-5, 187, 189, 92, 200-4, 218, 264, 273, 279, 290-4, 312, 320, 336, 340-1, 349, 353, 383, 389, 402, 420, 429, 433-6, 439, 443-57, 460-66, 499, 501, 515, 518, 521, 530, 532, 537, 545, 552-63, 567-82, 590, 617, 619, 654, 659, 672, 691

Warsaw, Battle of  45, 452-58, 461, 465, 467-8, 556, 611, 613

Warta River  19, 44, 378

Washington, George  60

Watt, Richard  503

Wawel Castle  33, 40, 75, 168, 260, 367, 608, 650, 684, 692, 695

Wehrmacht  410

Weimar Republic  379, 534, 538, 617, 667, 674

Wenckenbach, Professor  688-9

Wesel Fortress  321

West Prussia  77, 235, 378, 475

Western civilization  12-3, 15-6, 18-9, 23, 49-50, 69, 143, 404, 468, 684

"We the First Brigade"  277, 288-9, 527, 553, 562, 687

Weygand, General Maxine  405, 433-5, 444, 449-50, 455, 458, 460, 469-71, 494, 675

White Mountain, Battle of  376

White Russians  376, 388, 394, 396, 399, 401, 410, 429, 435, 441, 451, 509

Wiat, General Carton de  399

Wicher  671, 673-4

Wieckowski, Aleksander  400

Wielkopolska (Greater Poland)  25, 62, 71, 378

Wieniawa-Dlugoszowski, Colonel  554         

Wieprz River  449, 451, 458

Wilhelm II (emperor of Germany)  306-7

Wilja  672, 674

Wilno (Vilnius)  29, 53, 65, 97, 105-116, 119-20, 129, 131-3, 137, 146, 149, 152-3, 166, 176, 206, 211-7, 223, 301, 305, 380-90, 395, 415, 426, 428, 477-8, 573, 576, 612, 627, 688, 691

Wilno "mutiny"  477-8

Wilno University  105, 107, 387

Wilson, Sir Henry  469

Wilson, Woodrow  41, 310, 317, 328, 333, 361, 371, 374, 388, 397-8

Winged Hussars  41-2, 48, 50-2, 108, 260, 406, 423, 447

Wisniewski, Antoni  148-9

Witos, Wincenty  335, 336, 352, 436, 454, 455, 499, 507, 512, 519-21, 528, 530-1, 535, 548, 551-9, 563, 568, 570-2, 574-7, 579-82, 593-4, 613, 644, 653, 661

Wladyslaw I "the Elbow High" (king of Poland)  25

Wojciechowski, Stanislaw  139-41, 149, 153-4, 159, 165-6, 512, 515, 532, 539, 541, 543-4, 546-8, 556-60, 563-4, 568, 570, 574, 576-83, 597, 600, 645

Wolbrom  283

Worker, The (Robotnik) 141-9, 152, 155-9, 163-5, 167, 170, 189, 238, 352

World War I (First World War; WWI)   See also the Great War  12, 15-6, 31, 34, 72, 121, 153, 224, 250, 256, 291, 301, 314, 325, 344, 348, 404-7, 428, 445, 447, 458, 493-6, 528, 550, 556, 561, 566, 593, 601, 612, 616, 621, 663, 693

World War II (Second World War; WWII)  13-4, 35, 251, 278, 301, 311, 345, 352, 405, 420, 662-3, 696, 699

Woyczynski, Dr. Marcin  664, 688

Wrangel, Baron  473

Wyhowski, Ivan  45

Wyspianski, Stanislaw  187

Wyzwolenie Party  510, 553, 643, 653

 

Year 1920, The  526

Yegorov, Alexander  422-3, 442

 

Zakopane  186, 230, 233, 324

Zaleski, August  618, 670

Zamojski, Count Maurycy  512

Zbrucz River  394, 418

Zdziechowski, Jerzy  608-9

Zeligowski, Lucjan  478-9, 543-4, 554, 564, 566-7, 572, 574, 627

Zeromski, Strefan  230-1

Zielinski, Zygmunt  286

Zmudzi-Tenenie  131

ZO (Zionist Organization)  166

Zulow  97, 100, 102-5, 110, 126, 131, 524, 695

Zulow Dove  110

ZWC (Union for Active Struggle)  213, 225, 228-9, 231, 236, 275, 289, 366, 535

ZZSP (Union of Polish Socialists Abroad)  135, 137, 140, 148, 153